Gaming Technology Explained: RTPs, RNGs, and Probability Analysis

Gaming Technology

Dramatic advances have taken place in gaming technology over the years. Unprecedented developments in gaming platforms, courtesy of software designers and developers, game engines, algorithms for determining RNGs (random number generators), and in-game features and functions, are driving the dialogue.

Today, we pull back the curtains on the e-Gaming industry to examine the unprecedented technological breakthroughs of our time. Once the regulatory hurdle has been successfully negotiated, innovative technology can be implemented to showcase Vegas-esque casino games in real time. The advent of live dealer casino games is one such example – Sic Bo Deluxe Live or Roulette Live are popular player selections. These games feature real dealers; in real time. It’s a groundbreaking experience.

Players can now power up their handheld devices to enjoy a treasure trove of Android, iPhone, or iPad attractions. The technological prowess of gaming apps is one facet of a multi-dimensional gaming revolution. The mind-bending software plays like a feature-rich video game, replete with gambling kinetics for legal-age players.

Tech Specs to Consider

The e-Gaming industry is a multi-billion dollar sector, with casinos jostling for a larger slice of the pie. How do they do it? By upping the ante on technology, for starters. In this rapidly evolving digital age, game developers are coming up with new ideas to improve the user experience almost daily. The result is an excellent selection of titles that will keep you entertained for hours. And if you’re lucky, you might walk away with some extra cash in your pocket. But what exactly determines whether or not you win? Is it all down to luck, or are there other factors at play?

Probability Analysis 

To better understand how casino games work, we need to take a closer look at two important concepts: probability, RTPs (return to player), and RNGs (random number generators). These elements form the bedrock upon which all casino games are built. So, let’s start with probability.

Probability is the branch of mathematics that deals with the likelihood of something happening. In gambling, the probability determines the chances of winning or losing a bet. For example, if you flip a coin, there is a 50% chance that it will land on heads and a 50% chance that it will land on tails. If you flip the coin 100 times, you would expect it to land on heads 50 times and tails 50 times.

However, it is doubtful that the results would be exactly 50/50. It’s more likely that it would be somewhere close to this – say, 55 heads and 45 tails. This discrepancy between what we expect to happen (in this case, 50/50) and what happens is due to chance or randomness.

Return to Player Percentages

It’s important to note that probability only deals with chances or likelihood; it doesn’t deal with certainty. Even though there may be a low probability of something happening – like flipping ten heads in a row – it doesn’t mean that it can’t or won’t happen; it just means that the chances are relatively low. 

So now, let’s take a look at RTPs. An RTP (return to player) is simply the percentage of wagered money that a player can expect to receive back from playing a game over time. So, for example, if an online slot has an RTP of 96%, then for every €100 wagered by players, the game will return €96 to them over time.

It’s important to remember that individual wins could be higher or lower than this amount and how much money is generally paid back by the game. Most reputable online casinos will showcase their games’ RTPs and house edge information prominently on their websites so players can make informed decisions before committing any cash. Games with high RTPs will tend to pay out more frequently but usually for lower amounts, whereas those with lower RTPs will pay out less often but for higher amounts when they do hit.

All casino games have what’s known as a ‘house edge’, which gives the casino its advantage over players. For instance, in roulette, the most common type offers a game where you can bet on red or odd numbers coming up. The probability of either occurring is slightly less than 50%; however, this type of bet offers even-money payouts (1:1), meaning that for every €1 you stake, you’ll receive €1 back plus your original stake if you win. Therefore, over time considering the 0 and 00 slots, which represent the house edge, casinos will always make a small profit from these bets no matter what happens in the frequency of red or black hits.

Random Number Generators (RNGs) 

RNGs, or random number generators, are algorithms used by casinos to produce pseudo-random sequences of numbers. These numbers determine the outcome of a particular spin on a slot machine or other casino game. An RNG takes input from external sources (like atmospheric noise) and tries to ensure that the outputted numbers aren’t predictable. This means that the results of casino games should be down to genuine random chance, as opposed to bias or human decisions. 

Players should care about RNGs because they want to be sure that the games they’re playing are fair and random. Therefore, casinos take great care in developing and testing their RNG algorithms and submitting samples of their software for independent assessment. This is all done to give players a hassle-free experience when enjoying fair games.


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